Gastric banding is a purely restrictive procedure for
weight loss. A 2 cm band is placed around the upper portion
of the stomach to reduce the flow of food to the lower pouch.
This process usually dilated the pouch and resulted in sub
par weight loss.
Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding
In the laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding is a procedure
that connects a balloon to a band around the upper part of
the stomach. A reservoir is placed under the skin and is used
to inflate the balloon and adjust the gastric band. With the
inflation of the balloon the gastric band tightens and decreases
the amount of food passing through at the given time. When
the balloon is deflated the band loosens and the weight loss
begins to be reduced.
The LAP-BAND ® System, Swedish Adjustable Band and the
Mid-Band are the different types of bands for the procedure.
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) results in
weight loss only through restriction of food intake. As with
all bariatric surgeries, patients are highly advised to follow-up
with their doctors. LAGB can be a reversible procedure and
it produces no risk involving nutritional deficiencies.
LAGB is a safer procedure than the gastric bypass or malabsorptive
methods, however weight loss induced by LAGB is lower. Weight-related
problems have improved with LAGB such as sleep apnea, type
II diabetes asthma, and hypertension, but the amount remains
less that of gastric bypass procedures.